Recreational fishing is allowed for everybody on a public water body and a water body designated for public use. One may fish on a privately owned body of water which is not designated for public use with one simple hand line and up to three trolls only with the permission of the owner of the immovable.
Fishing by line
Everyone may fish, free of charge and without having applied for the right to fish, with one simple hand line on a public water body and a water body designated for public use. Closed seasons, closed areas and limitations established on fish species must be taken into account. A simple hand line includes a rod, a fishing line with the length of up to 1.5 rods, one hook, a weight and a float. Only natural bait is used when fishing.
Recreational fishing with up to three trolls
Upon payment for the recreational fishing rights or fishing rights, everyone has the right to fish with trolls on water bodies in public use. Closed season, closed area and limitations established on fish species must be taken into account.
Trolls are: spinning reels, trolling lines, pulling devices, fly hooks, bottom lines (krundas or bottom lines), unanchored trimmers, hand lines and more than one simple hand line, harpoon guns and harpoons and hooks.
A fee is generally paid for recreational fishing. The fee can be paid online at pilet.ee, at post offices and by mobile. A document certifying the right to fish is an identity document (passport, ID-card, driver’s licence).
In 2017, the fee for recreational fishing rights is as follows:
24 hours – 1 euro;
7 days – 3 euros;
182 days (half a year) – 13 euros;
365 days (one year) – 20 euros.
The following persons are exempt from the payment of the fee for fishing rights: pre-school children, students under 16 years of age, pensioners, unlawfully repressed persons or persons treated as repressed persons, disabled persons and persons with partial or no work ability.
The following persons do not have to pay for the fishing rights (document certifying the privileges in the brackets):
- students under 16 years of age (student card);
- pensioners (pension certificate);
- unlawfully repressed persons or persons treated as repressed persons (repression certificate);
- disabled persons (document certifying the degree of severity and duration of disability);
- persons with partial or no work ability (document certifying partial or no work ability).
Privileged persons may fish by fishing tackle without paying for the right to fish, with the exception of fishing on the basis a fishing card.
A fishing card is required if:
- entangling nets, longlines consisting of up to 100 hooks, trap nets, hoopnet, dip-nets and traps and dragnet are used as fishing gear;
- spinning reels and fly hooks are used upon fishing on the trout rivers of Middle-Estonia or salmon and sea trout rivers of Northern-Estonia;
- the fishing takes place in Endla nature conservation area, Matsalu National Park or Silma nature conservation area;
- the number of fishing cards upon fishing with entangling nets, longlines, catching crayfish and fishing in Silma nature conservation area is limited.
Photo: Aimar Rakko