Water (H2O) is one of the most abundant substances on Earth and in the universe, ranking third after hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO). Water is normally liquid because the polar molecules of water form hydrogen bonds with each other. The presence of hydrogen bonds makes it more difficult to separate the water molecules from each other and thus raises the melting and boiling point of the water.
In solid form, water is ice. Ice has a crystalline structure and gaps in its crystal lattice, which means that the density of ice is lower than that of liquid still. Water can be found almost all over the Earth and is needed by all known living organisms, which are largely made up of water, some aquatic organisms up to 99%.
Water covers about 70% of the Earth's surface, in constant circulation. Water is one of the most common and best solvents, it dissolves very many gaseous, liquid and solid substances. Most processes in wildlife take place in the presence of substances dissolved in the aquatic environment. Aqueous solutions, for example, participate in metabolic processes, and as aqueous solutions, plants also absorb nutrients from the soil.
The Environmental Board is responsible for the quality of water bodies and groundwater through the following tasks:
- Granting of environmental permit for special use of water
- Registration of activities with aquatic risk
- Preparation of an action plan for the implementation of the action programs of river basin management plans, coordination of their implementation
- Coordination of the public water supply and sewerage development plan, see the plan preparation guide
- Coordination of the establishment and modification of wastewater collection areas, see the instructions for the establishment of the area
- Coordination of a borehole or well design and / or disposal project
- Entry of electronically submitted data on boreholes and boreholes
- Reduction of water intake sanitary protection area
- Granting of consent for works performed for the maintenance of a water body or its sanitary protection area
- Coordination of works in the water protection zone, including felling of tree and shrub fronts
- Coordination of grazing in the water protection zone
- Approval of liquid manure application plan
- Coordination of land improvement management plans and projects
- Use of a plant protection product in case of plant diseases and issue of a permit for the eradication of outbreaks of pests
- Giving an opinion on the initiation of a right of superficies procedure
- Coordination of restrictions on public use of a body of water or part thereof used in public
- Coordination of the application for the design conditions of the dam construction and the design conditions
- Coordination of the detailed plan for determining the minimum required service area of the shoreline
Last updated: 25.06.2021